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JS onload event

The onload event in JavaScript is used to execute a specific block of code or trigger a function when a web page or an image has finished loading completely in the browser. It’s a commonly used event to perform tasks such as initializing scripts, setting up the user interface, or executing actions that depend on the availability of certain resources.

  • Purpose: The onload event is used to perform actions or execute code when an entire web page, including all its resources (such as images, stylesheets, and scripts), has been fully loaded and rendered by the browser.

  • Syntax: In HTML, the onload event can be attached directly to the window object or to specific elements like <img>, <body>, or <iframe> using the onload attribute. Here are examples of both:
					<body onload="JavaScriptFunction()">

					<img decoding="async" src="image.jpg"

  • Event Handling: When the onload event is triggered, the specified JavaScript function or code block is executed. This function can perform various tasks such as initializing variables, loading additional resources dynamically, or setting up event listeners.
  • DOM Element Binding: While commonly used with the window object or images, the onload event can be applied to any HTML element that loads content, such as iframes, scripts, or external resources.

  • Anonymous Functions: Just like other event handlers, you can define an anonymous function directly within the onload attribute to handle the event. For example:
					<body onload="alert('Page loaded!')">

  • Event Object: For events attached to specific elements (e.g., <img>), an event object containing information about the event may be passed to the event handler function. This object typically provides details about the loaded resource, such as its dimensions or source URL.

  • Best Practices:

    • Use the onload event to execute code that relies on the availability of page resources, ensuring that it runs only after everything has loaded.
    • Avoid adding heavy scripts or operations within the onload event handler, as it may delay the page rendering. Instead, consider optimizing the loading process and deferring non-essential tasks

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