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MVC Framework – ASP.NET Forms

ASP.NET Web Forms is a web application framework developed by Microsoft for building web applications. It is a part of the broader ASP.NET framework. ASP.NET Web Forms was one of the earliest web application frameworks for .NET and follows a different paradigm than the more modern ASP.NET MVC (Model-View-Controller) framework. Here’s an overview of ASP.NET Web Forms and how it relates to the MVC architecture:


  • ASP.NET Web Forms follows a different architectural pattern compared to MVC. It is based on a component-based architecture where web pages are composed of server controls (UI elements like buttons, textboxes, and grids).
  • In ASP.NET Web Forms, there is a strong emphasis on abstracting the underlying HTML and HTTP details from developers. It uses a stateful, event-driven programming model, where UI controls and their events are central to the application’s logic.


  • One of the unique features of ASP.NET Web Forms is the ViewState. ViewState is a mechanism that allows the framework to persist the state of server controls across postbacks, making it easier to work with stateful applications. This is in contrast to the stateless nature of HTTP.
  • Code-Behind Model:

    • ASP.NET Web Forms applications typically have a code-behind model. This means that the code that handles events and interactions with UI controls is typically separated from the markup (aspx) files. Code-behind files contain the server-side logic.

    Page Lifecycle:

    • ASP.NET Web Forms applications have a complex page lifecycle that includes events like Page_Init, Page_Load, and Page_PreRender, which developers can hook into to manipulate the page and its controls.

    Control Events:

    • Controls in ASP.NET Web Forms have server-side events like Button_Click and GridView_RowDataBound, which are used to handle user interactions and data binding.

    State Management:

    • In traditional ASP.NET Web Forms, URL routing is not as integrated as it is in ASP.NET MVC. URL patterns often map directly to physical file paths.