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Distributing calls using Eureka and Ribbon

Distributing calls using Eureka and Ribbon in a microservices architecture is a powerful way to achieve dynamic load balancing and service discovery. Eureka serves as the service registry, allowing microservices to register and discover each other, while Ribbon is used for client-side load balancing. Here’s how to distribute calls using Eureka and Ribbon in a Spring Cloud-based application:

1. Set Up Eureka Server:

Start by setting up an Eureka server, which will serve as the central service registry. You can create an Eureka server using Spring Boot and annotate the main class with @EnableEurekaServer. This server will run on a specific port, and other microservices will register with it.

					import org.springframework.boot
import org.springframework.boot
import org.springframework.cloud

public class EurekaServerApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {    SpringApplication.run
    (EurekaServerApplication.class, args);


2. Create Microservices:

Now, create the microservices that you want to distribute calls to. Each microservice should be a Spring Boot application.

3. Configure Microservices as Eureka Clients:

In each microservice’s configuration (typically in the application.properties or application.yml file), specify the Eureka server’s location and give the microservice a name. This name is used for registration with Eureka:

    name: your-service-name
    defaultZone: http

  • your-service-name is the name of the microservice.
  • eureka-server-host is the hostname where the Eureka Naming Server is running.

Use Ribbon for Load Balancing:

To use Ribbon for client-side load balancing within your microservices, you can create Feign clients for inter-service communication. Feign integrates seamlessly with Ribbon, allowing you to define a Feign client interface and let Ribbon handle load balancing.

					import org.springframework
import org.springframework

public interface OtherServiceClient {
    String getData();


In this example, @FeignClient("other-service-name") tells Feign to look up the service in Eureka by the name “other-service-name.” Ribbon will perform load-balanced calls to instances of that service.

5. Make Load-Balanced Calls:

You can now use the Feign client to make load-balanced calls within your microservice:

public class MyService {
    private final OtherServiceClient 

    public MyService(OtherServiceClient 
    otherServiceClient) {
        this.otherServiceClient = otherServiceClient;

    public String fetchData() {
        return otherServiceClient.getData();


Start the Eureka Server and Microservices:

Before starting the microservices, make sure your Eureka server is up and running. Then start your microservices, and they will register with the Eureka server. They will also use Ribbon for load-balanced service discovery when making calls to other services.

By following these steps, you can create a microservices architecture with dynamic service discovery and client-side load balancing using Eureka and Ribbon. This setup makes your application more resilient, scalable, and fault-tolerant.

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