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Remoting in Spring Framework

  • In the Spring Framework, remoting is a technique that allows you to invoke methods on remote objects, typically over a network. This enables distributed communication between components in a Spring application. Spring provides several remoting mechanisms to simplify the development of distributed systems. Some of the key remoting techniques in the Spring Framework are:

HTTP Invoker:

  • HTTP invoker is a Spring remoting mechanism that allows you to invoke remote services using HTTP. It uses Java serialization for object communication, making it suitable for remote method invocation over HTTP.
  • To use HTTP invoker, you need to configure Spring beans for your remote services and clients. It’s well-suited for remote service communication in a Java-to-Java environment.

RMI (Remote Method Invocation):

  • Spring provides support for invoking remote methods using the RMI protocol. You can expose Java objects as remote services and make them accessible to remote clients. This is useful for Java-to-Java communication in a distributed environment.
  • To use RMI with Spring, you need to configure RMI-specific beans, such as RmiServiceExporter for server-side services and RmiProxyFactoryBean for client-side access..

Hessian and Burlap:

  • Hessian and Burlap are binary and XML-based web service protocols, respectively. Spring supports these protocols for remoting, allowing you to expose and invoke services over HTTP using these lightweight protocols.
  • Hessian is more efficient due to its binary format.

JMS (Java Message Service):

  • Spring’s JMS support allows you to send and receive messages asynchronously through message queues and topics.
  • You can use Spring’s JMS templates to simplify JMS operations. JMS is well-suited for integrating applications using messaging patterns.


  • With the WebSocket protocol, you can build real-time applications where the server can push data to clients.
  • Spring provides WebSocket support for building WebSocket-based applications, making it easy to establish full-duplex communication between clients and servers.

WebSocket STOMP:

  • STOMP (Simple Text Oriented Messaging Protocol) is a protocol that works on top of WebSocket.
  • Spring provides support for building real-time messaging applications using WebSocket and STOMP. It’s suitable for chat applications and real-time notifications.


  • RSocket is a modern, multiplexed, and reactive networking protocol designed for building low-latency and high-throughput applications. /li>
  • Spring supports RSocket for building reactive and real-time communication systems.


  • Although not a part of the Spring Framework itself, you can integrate gRPC with Spring applications. gRPC is a high-performance, language-agnostic RPC (Remote Procedure Call) framework that uses Protocol Buffers for data serialization.
  • Spring’s remoting capabilities make it easier to develop distributed systems by abstracting away many of the complexities involved in remote method invocation and message passing, allowing you to focus on building your application’s functionality.