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Spring Application

  • A Spring application is a software application built using the Spring Framework, which is a popular and widely-used framework for building Java-based enterprise applications. Spring provides a comprehensive infrastructure and set of libraries that simplify the development of complex and scalable applications.
Here are some key characteristics and components of a typical Spring application:
  • Dependency Injection (DI):
  • In a Spring application, dependencies between components are managed through dependency injection. This means that instead of hard-coding dependencies within classes, Spring injects the required objects (beans) into other objects, promoting loose coupling and making the application more maintainable and testable.
  • Inversion of Control (IoC) Container:
  • The Spring IoC container manages the creation and lifecycle of objects (beans) in the application. It maintains a registry of beans and resolves dependencies, allowing developers to focus on writing business logic rather than managing object creation and wiring.
  • Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP):
  • Spring provides support for Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP), which allows you to modularize cross-cutting concerns like logging, security, and transaction management. AOP aspects can be applied to various parts of the application.
Let’s see the simple steps to create the spring application
  • Setup Development Environment:
  • Create a New Project:
  • Add Spring Dependencies:
  • Create a Spring Configuration:
  • Configure Component Scanning:
  • Create a Main Application Class:

Setup Development Environment:

  • Install a Java Development Kit (JDK) on your computer if you haven’t already.
  • Choose an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for Java development. Popular choices include Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, and Spring Tool Suite (STS).

Create a New Project:

  • Open your chosen IDE and create a new Java project.
  • Ensure that you have the necessary build tools like Maven or Gradle integrated into your project. These tools help manage dependencies and build your project.

Add Spring Dependencies:

  • If you’re using a build tool like Maven or Gradle, add the necessary Spring dependencies to your project’s configuration file (e.g., pom.xml for Maven or build.gradle for Gradle). Here’s an example for Maven:
    <!-- Spring Core Container -->
    <!-- Other Spring dependencies as needed -->


Create a Spring Configuration:

  • Create a Java class that will serve as your Spring configuration class. Annotate it with @Configuration to mark it as a configuration class.
  • Define Spring beans using @Bean annotations within your configuration class. These beans represent various components of your application.
					import org.springframework
import org.springframework.context

public class AppConfig {
    public MyService myService() {
        return new MyServiceImpl();


Configure Component Scanning:

  • Enable component scanning in your Spring configuration to automatically discover and register your application’s components. Add @ComponentScan annotation to your configuration class and specify the base package(s) to scan.
					import org.springframework.context.annotation
import org.springframework.context.annotation

@ComponentScan(basePackages = "com.example")
public class AppConfig {
    // ...


Create a Main Application Class:

  • Create a Java class with a main method to serve as your application’s entry point.
  • Initialize a Spring ApplicationContext by loading your configuration class.
					import org.springframework
import org.springframework

public class MainApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ApplicationContext context = new

        // Access and use your Spring beans here
        MyService myService = context.getBean

These steps provide a basic outline for creating a Spring application. Depending on your project’s complexity and requirements, you may need to incorporate additional Spring modules, configure databases, set up web controllers, and handle other aspects of application development. Spring’s flexibility allows you to tailor your application to your specific needs.